Two other studies examined the personal accounts of LGBT adults and their families living in Memphis, Tennessee, immediately after a successful 2006 election campaign banning same-sex marriage. Most respondents said they felt alienated from their community. The studies also found that families experienced a secondary type of minority stress, says Jennifer Arm, a consulting doctoral student at the University of Memphis.  A same-sex marriage validly authorized and certified in another jurisdiction is recognized for all purposes under the laws of that state. Article 15-1-1: Equal access to marriage. Any person who otherwise meets the eligibility requirements of Chapters 15-1 and 15-2 may marry any other eligible person, regardless of gender. Section 3101.01. persons who may be united by marriage; minors to obtain their consent; State public policy on same-sex marriages and the extension of certain benefits to extramarital relationships. (A).
A marriage can only be contracted by a man and a woman. (b) (1) Any marriage between persons of the same sex shall be contrary to the strong public policy of that State. Every marriage between persons of the same sex shall have no force or legal effect in that State and, if attempted to be contracted in that State, shall be null and void ab initio and shall not be recognized by that State. 2. Any marriage contracted by persons of the same sex in any other jurisdiction shall be considered and treated as such in all respects as having no legal force or effect in that State and shall not be recognized by that State. (3) The recognition or extension by the State of the special legal advantages of a lawful marriage to extramarital relations between persons of the same or different sex is contrary to the strong public policy of that State. Any public judicial act, registration or proceeding of that State, as defined in article 9.82 of the Revised Code, which extends the specific legal benefits of legal marriage to extramarital relations between persons of the same or different sex, shall be null and void ab initio. Nothing in section (C)(3) of this section shall be construed as providing for any of the following: (a) prohibit the extension of specific benefits otherwise accorded to all persons, whether married or not, to non-marital relations between persons of the same or different sex, including the extension of benefits provided by law not expressly limited to married persons; This includes, but is not limited to, benefits available under Section 4117. the revised Code; (b) affect the validity of private agreements otherwise valid under the laws of that State.
4. Any public judicial act, record or proceeding of any other State, country or jurisdiction outside that State which extends the specific benefits of lawful marriage to relations outside marriage between persons of the same or different sex shall be considered and treated in all respects as having legal or effective force in that State and shall not be recognized by that State. 765.01 A civil contract. Marriage, insofar as it is legally valid, is a civil law contract to which the consent of the parties capable of concluding a contract is indispensable and which establishes the legal status of husband and wife. 765.04 Marriage abroad to circumvent the law. (1) If a person who resides and intends to reside in that State, who is handicapped by the laws of that State or whose marriage is prohibited by the laws of that State, goes to another State or country and contracts there a marriage prohibited or annulled by the laws of that State: such marriage shall be null and void for all purposes in that State with the same effect as if it had been contracted in that State. The premiere of the 22nd season of the PBS animated series Arthur featured Professor M. Ratburn`s marriage to his partner.  Alabama Public Television refused to air the episode.
 Campaign finance for the referendum on the amendment was highly controversial. Both Richter and the IRS have ruled that it is questionable or illegal to protect campaign contributions on condition of anonymity.    Section 18. Marriage contract defined. The historical institution and legal contract that solemnly establishes the relationship between one (1) man and one (1) woman is the only legally recognized marriage contract in this state. Any policy, law or judicial interpretation purporting to define marriage as anything other than the historical institution and legal contract between one (1) man and one (1) woman is contrary to the public policy of this state and is void and unenforceable in Tennessee. If another State or foreign jurisdiction grants a licence to persons to marry, and such marriage is prohibited in that State by the provisions of this article, then the marriage is invalid and unenforceable in that State. The Population Reference Bureau reported that as of October 2015, approximately 486,000 same-sex marriages had taken place in the United States. It is estimated that 45% of all same-sex couples in the country were married at that time.  Justice Anthony Kennedy wrote for the majority: “The right to marry is a fundamental right inherent in liberty of the person, and under the due process and equal protection provisions of the Fourteenth Amendment, same-sex couples cannot be deprived of that right and liberty.” Chief Justice John Roberts and three associate justices – Antonin Scalia, Clarence Thomas and Samuel Alito – each wrote dissenting opinions. The decision lifted the 13 statewide bans still in place, effectively solving the problem at the federal level, though some rogue districts ignored the decision.
Section 5a. Matrimonial Policy. It is the policy of Oregon and its subdivisions that only a marriage between a man and a woman is valid or legally recognized as a marriage. Kennedy compared this development to society`s views on gays and lesbians, noting that for years “a truthful statement by same-sex couples about what was in their hearts should not be told.” Some of the opponents of same-sex marriage include religious groups such as The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the Catholic Church and the Southern Baptist Convention, all of which want marriage to be limited to opposite-sex marriages.  However, there are denominational supporters of LGBT equality and LGBT believers within each faith group.  3. All legal marriages must be treated equally before the law. The NAACP, the leading African-American civil rights organization, has pledged to support gay rights and same-sex marriage, stating that it “supports marriage equality consistent with equal protection under the Fourteenth Amendment Act of the United States Constitution,” and has declared same-sex marriage a civil right.  According to the Oyez Supreme Court database, this case was brought before the Supreme Court after groups of same-sex couples sued state authorities in Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, and Tennessee, challenging those states` ban on same-sex marriage.
The Supreme Court`s decision to legalize same-sex marriage in states and territories did not legalize same-sex marriage in Native American tribal nations. In the United States, Congress (not the federal courts) has legal authority over Indian reservations. If Congress does not pass same-sex marriage legislation on these reservations, federally recognized Native American tribes have the right to form their own marriage laws.  At the time of Obergefell, 25 tribal nations legally recognized same-sex marriage.