Unlike Confucius, Laozi avoided politics and advised people not to interfere in public affairs. Taoism mainly influenced artists and peasants because artists were encouraged by Dao and began to express themselves better. Peasants began to believe in philosophy because it dealt with nature and its natural forces. Confucianism and Taoism simply filled what the other lacked in some areas. Legalism, another form of philosophy, also dealt with politics. Legalism forbade the study of all existing philosophies and doctrines. When legalism came into effect, the rulers burned all the study material associated with other philosophies (Debary 137). Legalists also oversaw the type of education offered to their citizens. There is a similarity between the view of Taoism and the worldview of Confucianism on human nature, because both philosophies agree that morality can be achieved in man without outside influence. On the contrary, legalism advocates harsh and severe penalties to ensure that people abide by rules and regulations. In addition, legalists insist on severe penalties, even for simple mistakes.
“Rhizman is absolutely amazing at what he does. I highly recommend it if you need to accomplish a task” The founder of Confucianism, Confucius, was a teacher and politician from Lu and taught between the 5th and 6th centuries BC. Confucius valued tradition and his teachings always encouraged the study of history, poetry, music, and rituals. The central message of Confucius` message was an ideal society in which people from all walks of life were dedicated to responsibility for others. These three philosophies were Taoism, legalism, and Confucianism. The three philosophies have parallel teachings that have both similarities and differences. However, Confucianism remains the most influential school of thought among the three philosophies. Taoism differs from Confucianism on the question of government because the latter insists on the existence of an informed and capable system of government (Ebrey and Walthall 27). However, legalism insists that the government is the supreme organ of society and should use its power. For example, legalist leaders considered “the Confucian idea that government could be based on virtue” to be naïve (Ebrey and Walthall 31). Unlike the legalists, Confucius encouraged his disciples and disciples to study poetry and history in order to attain enlightenment.
Moreover, Confucianism believed that the stability of any government depended on well-trained officials. On the other hand, Taoism differed from Confucianism because philosophy taught that “political engagement and education were useless in human life” (Hoff 74). Moreover, rulers exist only in legalism and Confucianism. In legalism, however, rulers are supreme beings who strive to bring discipline to society by any means necessary. The role of the individual is different in all three philosophies. For example, in Confucianism, the individual plays a major role in the cohesion of society. Taoism has taught that human beings are one with nature and that the harmony of the world depends on this knowledge. On the other hand, Confucianism teaches that human beings are born naturally with the ability to favor good over evil. Therefore, both Taoism and Confucianism have a natural and moral element. Taoism dealt with family matters in order to exploit natural harmony. Therefore, Taoism`s views on the family are closely related to Confucianism. For example, Taoism teaches that both men and women should assume their natural roles.
Similarly, Confucianism offers women a more important role in the family environment. While according to Taoism, plants and animals are able to align with the natural way of life, people insist on planning, planning, organizing, and analyzing. On the other hand, legalism focused on the use of state powers. Legalism was triggered by the existence of disorder in Chinese society. Since then, leaders have tried to take tough measures to curb the growing disorder. Hoff, Benjamin. The Tao of the Pooh, New York: Penguin Books, 1983. Drucken. Confucianism, legalism and Taoism are the three main philosophies of the Chinese people.
They have been the most influential and widespread philosophies of the Chinese for many centuries. This essay will reveal the story of the emergence of each philosophy and reveal the main characteristics of each respected field. Confucianism began as the thoughts and ideas of a man named Confucius who lived around 500 BC. Interestingly, this was around the same time Buddha is said to have lived. Ebrey, Patricia and Anne Walthall. East Asia: A Cultural, Social and Political History, New York, NY: Cengage Learning, 2013. Drucken. For the rest of his years, he taught people the methods of his teaching and aroused thoughts in the minds of many.
Taoism is believed to have been founded by a man named Laozi who lived around 500 BC. Laozi regarded Dao as the indescribable force that ruled the universe and nature. Debary, Williams. Sources of Chinese Tradition, New York, NY: Columbia Press, 1960. Drucken. Taoism does not view government as an important part of society because philosophy teaches that political ambition and activism only bring chaos to society. Therefore, Taoists believe that natural balance has the ability to bring harmony to society even without the existence of a government. The Chinese period of the Zhou is marked by a great philosophical awakening. During the Zhou period, the ruling dynasty tried to find philosophical ways to manage power and effectively govern its subjects. Therefore, the Zhou period led to an era of intellectual pursuit, marked by opposing schools of thought, regional philosophical divisions, and public debate.
Nevertheless, at the end of the Zhou period, only three schools of thought emerged at the top. For example, after Confucianism, children had to care for their aging parents. Confucianism dealt with family matters with the intention of bringing order and peace to society, while legalism saw no need to include the family unit in its system of government.