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This was the beginning of the emergence of the legal system in many parts of British territory, including what would later become Nigeria. In Uzo v. Polizei (1972) 11 SCE 37 or (1972) ANLR 825. It was noted that in the Nigerian criminal trial system, the judge is not expected to enter the arena as an arbitrator, as the trial is the acquisition that the innocence of the accused is presumed until he is found guilty by the prosecution. The procedure chosen by the trial judge is inappropriate. In this regard, he personally took over the charge and subjected the accused to a lengthy and disturbing cross-examination in order to discredit him on an irrelevant issue of falsification and theft of clothing. It cannot be presumed that his conviction on the single charge before the court was not influenced by the court`s unnecessary concern with this irrelevant issue. See the case of R.V. Clewer (1953) CAR 37 Establishment.

(1) A commission is hereby established to be known as the Independent Commission on Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences (hereinafter referred to as “the Commission” in this Act. 2. The Commission shall be an open-ended inheritance body with a common seal and may appeal and be sued within its own cabinet. (3) The Commission shall consist of a Chairperson and twelve (12) other members, two of whom shall be from each of the six geopolitical zones;(a) a retired police officer who does not hold the rank of Police Commissioner;(b) a lawyer with at least 10 years of post-appeal experience; In Igbo country, for example, the company had no central management. Leadership has been distributed among community members who act within the Council to exercise executive, legislative and judicial powers. The system of judicial administration in pre-colonial Hausa politics in northern Nigeria was the closest to the modern judicial system we have today in different parts of the world. There was a judicial system in which the subordinate head or alkaline rulers ran the court in different districts or areas, and the emir had appellate and trial jurisdiction in very serious cases. The administration of justice in traditional society was largely based on unwritten customary rules interpreted by institutions, such as exclusion was very common as well as corporal punishment. In some cases, influential people were allowed to punish those who insulted them, and this was the case in Yoruba country. The legal system of many of this society applied to both native and non-native people, although the latter did not understand the context of the rules, with the increasing growth of European trade in the region, British traders became involved in the politics of the region and the administration of justice.

The Nigerian legal system has a so-called hierarchy of courts. This hierarchy places the Supreme Court at the top of the scale, followed by the Court of Appeal, the Federal Court of Justice, the Labour Court, the State Supreme Court, the Magistrates` Courts, the Sharia Courts and the Customary Courts. It also includes the above ranking system. A lawyer who is a litigator and who represents himself does not lose his status because he is a litigant in civil matters, the lawyer can be dressed, but he will talk about the bar. In criminal cases, he is not dressed and cannot speak from the bar, but in the dock if he is charged. By 1943, a universal judicial system had been introduced nationwide, ending the establishment of magistrates` courts in all parts of the country and a Nigeria-wide Supreme Court for the entire country. National courts continue to have exclusive original jurisdiction over matters relating to marriage, marital status, guardianship, inheritance and administration of estates. After the introduction of a federal system of government in 1954, the judicial system also adopted a federal position, and high courts were established for Lagos and each of the three regions, while there was a federal court and a trial court for different parts of the country.

These courts applied and administered English law, while the indigenous courts of the north and the customary courts of the south of the country applied and administered customary law. Laws established by local courts have been enacted by the different regions. It should be noted that in the northern region, where Islamic law is the recognized customary law, a Sharia Court of Appeal is established to hear appeals from national courts and, in the event of a conflict between the Sharia Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court, a Resolution Court is established to resolve the conflict. In Nigeria, the legal profession has merged. In Nigeria, you are called a lawyer of the Supreme Court when you are admitted to the bar. The history of legal education is divided into phases In October 1999, the governor of Zamfara signed two laws passed by the state legislature to introduce Sharia law into the state. As a result, schoolchildren in Zamfara schools, some public transport and some health facilities are separated by gender. Among non-Muslims, there were concerns that women and other groups would face discrimination in Sharia courts, despite legal provisions. By early 2003, eleven other northern states had adopted various forms or adaptations of Sharia law, including: Sokoto, Kebbi, Niger, Kano, Katsiana, Kaduna, Jigawa, Yobe, Bauchi, Borno and Gombe. Some of these states have already imposed public caning for alcohol, amputations for theft and death by stoning for adultery.

Keep in mind that this article is for academic purposes, so you can highlight other features of the Nigerian legal system that you feel are not mentioned above. Please use the comments box below to submit your messages. A lawyer must pay his or her fees annually by 31 January each year to be entitled to be heard in a Nigerian court. Some judges help enforce the payment of training fees, but that`s still a concern for the NBA, though the NBA is still trying to figure out terms of enforcement. The study of the legal system helps law students understand how the law works in the country in which they will practice law. The legal systems of each country are different, so it is very important that you make an effort to understand the legal system of each country you are in. A person has the right to practise generally if his or her name appears on the list of lawyers maintained by the Chief Registrar of the Supreme Court of Nigeria p. 21 (1) LPA.

The Act also provides that a person has the right to include his or her name on the list if: The administration of justice in Nigeria has since its inception endeavoured to distinguish between customary and non-customary jurisdiction, and the scope of this distinction has changed over time, but the most significant change has occurred in the organization of the non-customary system. which has become more sophisticated over time and has expanded in scope, whereas one could say that the usual system has become more limited. This is also known as private international law. Therefore, in the Nigerian legal system, the conflict of laws is referred to as “internal conflict of laws”. Since Nigeria is aware that there are different sources of law in its legal system, there are inevitably conflicts between these different laws. In 1886, Lagos was seized as part of the Gold Coast colony and the colony and protectorate of Lagos had its own Supreme Court with provisions similar to those of the decree of 1876. Meanwhile, the Indigenous justice system has flourished. Although it is limited to cases involving natives, some of whom have adopted the English way of life.

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