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כללי

Religious Zionists recite special Christmas prayers with Hallel. [3] [27] Although Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik was reluctant to approve his admission to the liturgy,[28] other scholars, Meshulam Roth and others who held positions in the Israeli rabbinate, advocated reciting Hallel with his blessings and considered it his duty to do so. Today, different communities follow different practices. [29] Muslims celebrate holy days, fasts and festivals throughout the year. These holidays reflect the diversity of nearly two billion Muslim believers. Some, such as the annual Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca, perpetuate the ancient Arab rites whose Islamic form was codified by the Prophet Muhammad (570-632). Others, such as the celebration of the birthday of the Prophet (Mawlid al-Nabī al-Sharīf), appeared hundreds of years later. Sunnis, Shiites and other groups that make up the wider Islamic community (ummah) also have their own special holy days. Still other holidays include local celebrations of miracle workers, military victories or major political events, the latter often steeped in religious significance. To celebrate the holiday, devout Muslims go to the mosque on the morning of the first day of Eid.

They also meet friends and family and have a festive meal that almost always includes meat. In much of the Arab world, people enjoy ma`amoul, semolina cookies sprinkled with icing sugar and filled with dates or nuts (as the holidays approach, some families gather to make ma`amoul together); People also drink Qahwa Saada, which is a bitter coffee. Eid is especially fun for children who receive toys and money for the holidays. Muslim men also make a point of visiting their female relatives; They often give money to their female family members at this time. Palestinian Muslims have historically observed a number of important local holidays, such as the annual pilgrimage from Jerusalem to Nabī Mūsā, a site near Jericho identified as Moses` burial site. Although evidence of worship at the site dates back to Mamluk times, Ottoman authorities restored the tomb and encouraged the pilgrimage, which coincides with the start of Easter. Similarly, the Druze community celebrates an annual pilgrimage to the tomb of Nabī Shuʿayb near the city of Tiberias. Shu`ayb is identified with the biblical Jethro, whom the Druze worship as their fourteenth prophet. Today, the pilgrimage takes place in spring between April 25 and 28. This weekend, Muslims in the United States and around the world will celebrate Eid al-Adha, which literally translates to the Feast of Sacrifice. The holiday is associated with Hajj – the pilgrimage to Mecca, which is one of the five pillars of Islam – and marks Abraham`s willingness to sacrifice his son to God.

I heard about the celebration when I lived in Israel and the occupied Palestinian territories, taught at a Palestinian university in East Jerusalem and was married to a Muslim. In the diaspora, the holidays of Passover, Shavuot and Sukkot have added an extra day to the end. So if you are in Israel, the holiday ends a day earlier than the one shown here. Jerusalem Day (Hebrew: יום ירושלים, Yom Yerushaláyim) is an Israeli national holiday commemorating the “reunification” of East Jerusalem (including the Old City) with West Jerusalem after the 1967 Six Day War, during which Israel occupied East Jerusalem and the West Bank and effectively annexed the former. It is celebrated annually on the 28th of Iyar in the Hebrew calendar and is officially observed throughout Israel with state ceremonies and commemorations. The sacrifice of a sheep or goat is in celebration of the ram sacrificed in place of Ishmael (as in the biblical account). Ritual regulations abound on the details of this sacrifice, indicating its importance, and participants eat the sacrifice. Other commemorative foods such as dates and nuts are also prepared well in advance for this celebrated holiday. “Eid” is Arabic for a festive season, and “Fitr” means “to break the fast”.

Often referred to as “Little Eid” (as opposed to the “Great Eid” of Eid Al-Adha), this three-day celebration ends the fasting month of Ramadan, during which Muslims abstained from eating from sunrise to sunset. People put on their finest clothes for prayers and often pay “zadak” or alms and recite one of the central tenets of Islam, Allahu Akbar – “Allah is great”. And if you`re in the Muslim Quarter of Jerusalem`s Old City right now, you can celebrate young Muslim men and boys at horse races! In 2017, the Golden Jubilee of Jerusalem Day was celebrated.

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