Georgia`s Air Quality Rules (391-3-1-.01 (tt)) define open burning as any outdoor fire in which combustion products are released directly into the open air without passing through a chimney, chimney or duct. This combustion releases smoke, nitrogen oxides and other pollutants that have a negative impact on air quality in Georgia. Georgia`s open burning rules (391-3-1-.02 (5)) were created to improve air quality in our state. Any law enforcement officer in the state can enforce burning prohibitions issued by the county and the governor. The resolution is in effect for a maximum period of fourteen (14) days from the date of adoption by the County Board of Commissioners, unless the ban on incineration is lifted by the same body using the same method by which it was approved. If an extreme fire risk persists, subsequent resolutions may be made by the County Commissioners Council and must also be submitted as described above. Depending on the county and season, additional burning restrictions may apply. The Director of Georgia`s Environmental Protection Division may waive these additional restrictions if he or she determines that such open burning is necessary to protect the health, safety or well-being of the public, or that there are no reasonable alternatives. Failure to comply with the ban on incineration between May and September may result in fines. In Atlanta, the ozone in the air we breathe can reach unhealthy levels during the summer months. Ozone is formed when volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides react in the presence of sunlight. A major source of these pollutants is the combustion of fuels and other combustible materials. The Division of Environmental Protection of Georgia (EPD) has found that open burning contributes significantly to the pollutants that make up ozone.
Therefore, open burning in and around the Atlanta metropolitan area must be restricted during the summer months. From May 1 to September 30, EPD`s open burning ban will be enforced in 54 counties in Georgia. It is illegal in Georgia to burn artificial materials such as tires, shingles, plastics, wood or household waste, even in a burning barrel. For more information on burning in the yard, see the Hidden Dangers of Backyard Fire brochure. In addition to evaluating the criteria for banning burns in counties, the FSO uses additional data on wildland fuel conditions and expected fire behavior to determine the need for a burn ban issued by the governor. These criteria can be found on the Fire Weather and Fuel Criteria page of this website. County commissioners determine the need with the county fire chiefs` council. Before passing a fire prohibition resolution, the County Commissioners Council must declare the existence of an extreme fire hazard.
Extreme fire risk means: Prohibitions on burning issued by the governor are promulgated by a resolution signed by the governor. Requests for proclamation are submitted to the Governor by the Forestry Authority of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry through the Minister of Agriculture. The burning bans enacted by the government will remain in effect until conditions improve (as determined by the state`s forestry). Anyone convicted of violating a prohibition on burning issued by the governor is guilty of an offence and is fined up to $1,000, imprisonment for up to one year, or both. To learn more about air pollution and combustion, download the following documents: Mandatory combustion (4) is also prohibited in 19 counties, including Bartow, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Hall, Henry, Newton, Paulding, Rockdale, Spalding and Walton. Open burning for the purpose of (13) clearing using an air curtain destroyer requires a combustion permit from the Georgia Forestry Commission. If you have any questions about aerial curtain destroyers, read the instructions and procedures for using the ACD or contact your local EPD district office. What are the differences in duration and penalties between the two types of burning bans? Incineration bans are just that – a ban on incineration enforced by state law. Combustion bans are based not only on immediately predicted weather conditions, but also on long-term weather forecasts, the state of wild fuels, current fire behaviour and fire events. Open burning in Georgia is prohibited, with the exception of 13 types of legal burning activities: (1) leaf reduction on the site, (2) agricultural methods for crop production or harvesting (if the area is 5 hectares or less), (3) burning of vegetative material for farms (if the area is greater than 5 hectares), (4) prescribed burning, (5) recreational and cooking purposes, (6) firefighter training, (7) acquired structural burns, (8) vegetative debris caused by storms, (9) weed, disease and pest control, (10) open flame devices, (11), right-of-way clearance, construction and maintenance, (12) disposal of packaging materials for explosives, and (13) cleaning with an air curtain destroyer.
Air quality can deteriorate in summer due to the formation of ground-level ozone. The summer burn ban reduces ozone by banning certain open burning activities from May 1 to September 30 in some counties. During this period, the following open burning activities are prohibited in 54 counties: (1) leaf reduction at the site, (7) acquired structural burns, (8) vegetative debris caused by storms, (9) control of weeds, diseases and pests, (11), clearing, construction and maintenance of right-of-way, and (13) clearing with air curtain destroyers. Mandatory combustion serves many useful purposes, including the conservation and protection of commercial timber stocks, clearing land for agriculture, reducing vegetative fuels to prevent forest fires, and managing fire-dependent ecosystems. Georgia`s Open Burning Rules define mandatory burning as “the controlled application of fire to existing vegetative fuels under certain environmental conditions and following appropriate precautions that result in the containment of the fire to a predetermined area and one or more land management objectives under subsections 12-6-146 (3), (4) and (7) of the Georgia Prescribed Burning Act or to mitigate catastrophic wildfires. achieved”. The framework for procedures and requirements for the combustion of prescribed burns is described in detail in georgia`s Basic Smoke Management Plan. There are burning bans issued by the county and burning bans proclaimed by the governor.
A burning ban announced by the governor replaces the county`s burning bans. Prohibitions on burning by the governor may be issued for groups of counties or for all counties. There are several criteria for county-issued burning bans and governor-enacted burning bans. Links to data sources can be found here. The criteria for banning county burns are a subset of those used by the OFS to recommend a ban proclaimed by the governor. The aim is to facilitate the issuance and lifting of burning bans for the county (which allows for a rapid change in local conditions). 30 counties already subject to the summer fire ban, with a population of more than 65,000, are limited to only ten of the thirteen open burning activities (combustion types 1 to 7, 10, 12 and 13) from October 1 to April 30. To reduce particulate matter pollution in these counties from October to April, the following open burning activities are prohibited: (8) vegetative debris from storms, (9) weed control, disease and pest prevention, and (11) right-of-way clearing, construction and maintenance. Outdoor burning in Georgia requires Georgia Forestry Commission (GFC) approval for combustion activities 2, 3, 4, 8, 9, 11 and 13.
GFC permits are not required for combustion activities 1, 5, 6, 7, 10 and 12. You can find more information about the different types of combustion activities here. To learn more about open burning in your district, contact your local GFC office. The ban on burning in the open air prohibits citizens and businesses from burning landfills and clearing debris. This rule applies in addition to the ban on the incineration of household waste all year round. Notice of a decision to ban burns must be submitted to: Burn bans issued by the county are passed by a vote of the county commissioners. Resolution can last up to 14 days. Anyone convicted of violating a burning ban promulgated by the county is guilty of a misdemeanor and is not fined up to $500, up to one year in prison, or both. For changes to the burn notification system in Georgia, please click here. How long are the burning bans issued by the county commissioner? For more information, visit the Prohibition of Summer Burns page or read our latest press release (April 22, 2022).
What is the County Commissioner Notification Process?. Please click on the following pages for specific information. The counties included in the ban and the corresponding telephone numbers of the EPD District Office follow: Locations and contact information of the EPD District Office in Georgia The summer ban on open burns applies from May 1 to September 30 and covers 54 counties in Georgia.